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Riparian areas are found at every elevation and in all landforms where water is present. The headwaters of many streams are fed by snow melt, and change depending on precipitation patterns, fire, and snow melt. There are different riparian areas depending on water, soil, elevation. Some examples of riparian areas include cottonwood floodplains, alluvial floodplains, floodplain forests, riparian buffer zones, and meadows.
Riparian vegetation in lower elevation zones includes deciduous trees and shrubs such as Red Alder, big leaf maple, willows, dogwood, Oregon Ash, and black cottonwood . At higher elevation, riparian zones also include conifer species such as Douglas-Fir, western red cedar, Willamette Valley Ponderosa Pine, and spruce.
Riparian communities help buffer inputs and cycle nutrients. They also provide habitat for a variety of wildlife, connect waterways throughout a watershed, improve groundwater recharge, and provide resiliency in face of disturbance.
Riparian habitats have declined from historical levels and are now greatly reduced in area and connectivity, especially those in low-elevation areas and valley bottoms. Development, logging, roads, agricultural practices, dams, channelization, invasive species and grazing can degrade riparian habitat. Reduction of riparian habitat allows runoff containing fertilizers and other contaminants to more easily reach flowing water and further impact aquatic habitat. Visit https://www.oregonconservationstrategy.org/strategy-habitat/riparian-habitats-and-flowing-water/ to learn more.
These habitats are home to a variety of aquatic and upland species. Aquatic species include fish such as salmon and steelhead, amphibians, macroinvertebrates, and reptiles. Upland species include birds and mammals such as bald eagles and beavers.
If you have any flowing or bodies of water on your property, you have a riparian area! The soils and vegetation on your property are influenced by that presence of water and should be managed accordingly to improve the water quality and wildlife habitat.
If you have any concerns about how to manage or improve your riparian area, reach out to us at the district and a planner will provide technical assistance to help. Visit Our Team to contact us for assistance.